The Falkland Islands, or Islas Malvinas as they are called in Argentina, are located in the South Atlantic. The islands belong geographically to South America, they are situated 600-800 km east of southern Argentina's coast and the Tierra del Fuego. The Falkland islands are a British overseas territory. Since 1833, there have been Argentinian claims to the islands, leading to the outbreak of the Falklands war in 1982, provoked by Argentina. The war was finally won by the UK. In recent years, the Falklands have become increasingly popular as a tourist destination and are visited by up to 50,000 people each year. The unique wildlife on the islands, in particular the penguin colonies and albatrosses, are the main attraction of the Falkland islands.
Geography. 200 islands are part of the Falkland Islands group. The main islands are West Falkland (Arg: Gran Malvina) and East Falkland (Arg: Soledad), each measuring 6,000 km ². The north of both of these islands is hilly. The hills stretch from west to east and Mount Usborne is the highest elevation with an altitude of 708 m.
Weather. The climate on the islands is cold, rainy and windy; winters are mild, summers cool.
Travel. The International Airport Mount Pleasant Airport is located 56 km or 35 miles from Stanley. Flights to the Falkland Islands are available from the UK or Chile. British Airways and LAN Chile operate flights from London Gatwick to Santiago de Chile. Once weekly, on Saturdays, LAN Chile flies to Punta Arenas in Chile and then operates an onward flight to Stanley.
Capital. The capital city, Stanley, has 2,000 inhabitants. This is the cultural and economic centre of the Falkland Islands. The most southerly Anglican church in the world, Port Stanley Church, is well worth a visit.